Chilas, a quaint city situated in the mesmerizing region of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, holds both natural beauty and rich historical significance. It serves as the divisional capital of Diamer Division and is nestled along the banks of the mighty Indus River. Its strategic location on the ancient Silk Road, connected by the renowned Karakoram Highway and N-90 National Highway, makes it a vital link to various other cities like Islamabad, Peshawar, Tashkurgan, and Kashgar.
The city’s unique geographical location gives rise to a distinct climate. In the summer, Chilas experiences scorching heat, with temperatures reaching up to 52 degrees Celsius. In contrast, the winter brings dry and cold weather, with temperatures plunging to -10 degrees Celsius, accompanied by chilling winds. This climatic variation is mainly due to Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest peak in the world, which acts as a barrier against monsoon winds, leaving Chilas arid and rain-starved.
Chilas holds a historical treasure dating back centuries. Archaeological findings have revealed a short commemorative Kharosthi inscription with the term “Kaboa” (or Kamboa), which has been linked to the ancient Kamboja kingdom. The inscription was studied and interpreted by the renowned Pakistani archaeologist, historian, and linguist, Late Professor Ahmad Hasan Dani. This discovery has shed light on the city’s ancient roots and its possible association with the intriguing Kamboja civilization.
Beyond its historical significance, Chilas captivates visitors with its breathtaking landscapes. The picturesque Karakoram Highway offers an awe-inspiring drive from Besham to Chilas, covering 200 kilometers. Along the way, travelers can witness rock drawings dating from the 4th to the 8th century, adorning the banks of the Indus River at Shatial. This glimpse into the region’s ancient art and culture adds to the charm of the journey.
For nature enthusiasts and adventurers, Chilas boasts the nearby Fairy Meadows National Park, a mesmerizing expanse of lush green meadows surrounded by towering peaks. The park’s crown jewel, Nanga Parbat, stands tall as a testament to nature’s grandeur, attracting mountaineers and trekkers from around the globe. The ethereal beauty of this region has earned it the nickname “Fairy Meadows,” enchanting all who set foot there.
In recent years, Chilas has witnessed educational development with the establishment of a sub-campus of the prestigious Karakoram International University. This initiative not only provides educational opportunities to the local population but also encourages academic and research activities in the region.
Attractions near Chilas
It is known for its picturesque landscapes and proximity to various natural attractions. Here are some of the popular attractions near Chilas:
Nanga Parbat Base Camp: Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest mountain in the world, is a major attraction for trekkers and mountaineers. The base camp offers stunning views of the peak and the surrounding valleys.
Fairy Meadows: Known for its lush green meadows and breathtaking views of Nanga Parbat, Fairy Meadows is a popular spot for camping and trekking.
Deosai National Park: Though not very close to Chilas, it’s worth mentioning due to its uniqueness. Deosai is one of the highest plateaus in the world, often called the “Land of Giants.” It’s known for its vast grasslands, wildflowers, and unique wildlife, including the Himalayan brown bear.
Rama Lake: Rama Lake is a beautiful alpine lake surrounded by mountains and pine forests. It’s a serene spot for nature lovers and offers opportunities for hiking and picnicking.
Shatial Rock Carvings: Located on the Karakoram Highway near Chilas, the Shatial Rock Carvings feature ancient rock art and petroglyphs, dating back thousands of years.
Chilas Museum: If you want to learn more about the local culture and history, you can visit the Chilas Museum, which showcases artifacts and exhibits related to the region’s heritage.
Gilgit: Though a bit farther away, Gilgit is the administrative capital of Gilgit-Baltistan and offers a lively bazaar, historical sites, and beautiful scenery along the Gilgit River.
Chilas remains a hidden gem, beckoning adventurers, history enthusiasts, and nature lovers alike to explore its wonders. As visitors traverse the scenic roads, they are treated to the majesty of the Karakoram Range, the allure of ancient rock carvings, and the serenity of Fairy Meadows. The city’s intriguing historical connections further enrich the experience, making Chilas an unforgettable destination in the heart of Pakistan’s mesmerizing Gilgit-Baltistan region.