Kalan Kot, also known as Tughlaqabad, is a historical citadel located in the southern Pakistani city of Thatta. The fort is situated on a hill overlooking the city and is considered to be one of the most impressive examples of medieval architecture in Pakistan.
The fort was built during the reign of the Tughlaq Dynasty in the 14th century. It was constructed by Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq, who was the ruler of Delhi at that time. The fort was designed to be a defensive stronghold and was strategically positioned to control the region.
The fort was built with stone and bricks, and its walls are almost 30 feet high. It has several towers, bastions, and gates that were designed to provide an impregnable defense against any invading army. The fort also has a number of underground chambers that were used for storage and as a shelter during times of war.
The fort has a rich history, and it has been the site of many important battles over the centuries. During the Mughal period, the fort was used as a royal palace and a military garrison. It was also used as a prison during the British colonial period.
Today, the fort is a popular tourist attraction in Thatta, and visitors can explore its impressive architecture and learn about its history. The fort offers a stunning panoramic view of the city and the surrounding landscape, making it a great spot for photography.
Over the years, the fort has undergone several renovations and restorations to preserve its original splendor. The Pakistani government has undertaken significant efforts to protect and conserve the fort, ensuring that it remains a vital part of the region’s cultural heritage.
In conclusion, Kalan Kot or Tughlaqabad in Thatta is a fascinating historical citadel that offers a glimpse into Pakistan’s rich cultural and architectural heritage. Its impressive walls, towers, and underground chambers stand as a testament to the engineering prowess of medieval times. The fort’s rich history and cultural significance make it an integral part of the local community, and it continues to inspire awe and wonder among visitors from all over the world.