The Samma tribe is a historic community that once lived in Sindh, Pakistan. They are believed to have migrated from Balochistan and settled in Sindh around the 14th century. The tribe was known for its military prowess, and they established a powerful dynasty that ruled Sindh for more than 200 years.
The Sama dynasty was founded by Jam Nizamuddin, who was a tribal chief of the Samma tribe. He established his capital at Thatta, which became the center of his empire. The Samma dynasty flourished under his leadership and expanded its territory to include much of modern-day Sindh, as well as parts of Balochistan and Punjab.
The Samma dynasty was known for its patronage of the arts and culture. They encouraged the development of literature, music, and the visual arts, and Thatta became a center of learning and scholarship. The Samma rulers were also great builders and commissioned many impressive structures, including mosques, mausoleums, and palaces.
One of the most impressive structures commissioned by the Samma rulers is the Shahjahan Mosque, located in Thatta. The mosque was built in the 17th century and is considered one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in Pakistan. The mosque has a large dome and is decorated with intricate tilework and calligraphy.
Last Ruler of the Samma Dynasty
The last ruler of the Samma dynasty was Jam Feroz, also known as Jam Ferozuddin. He reigned over the Sama dynasty, which was a Muslim Rajput dynasty that ruled in the Sindh region of present-day Pakistan from 1351 to 1524. Jam Ferozuddin ruled from approximately 1519 to 1524, marking the end of the Samma dynasty’s rule in Sindh. After his reign, the Sama dynasty was overthrown by the Arghun dynasty.
The Sama dynasty declined in the 16th century, and they were eventually defeated by the Mughal Empire. However, their legacy lives on in the art and architecture of Sindh, as well as in the cultural traditions of the region.
10 Rulers of Samma Tribe
- Jam Unar
Jam Ali Sher
Jam Fateh Khan bin Jam Sikandar
Jam Nizamuddin I
Jam Nizamuddin II
- Jam Feruzudin
Today, many people in Sindh still identify as members of the Samma tribe, and their cultural heritage is celebrated through festivals and other events. The Samma tribe is an important part of the history and culture of Pakistan, and their contributions to the arts and architecture of the region continue to inspire people today.