kot diji fort

A Complete Guide About Kot Diji Fort, Kahirpur SIndh

The ancient site of Kot Diji  was the forerunner of the Indus Civilization. The occupation of this place is documented as early as 3300 BC. The remains consist of two parts; the citadel area on high ground (about 12 m [39 ft]) and the outer area. The Ministry of Archeology of Pakistan excavated at Kot Diji in 1955 and 1957.

Kot Diji is located about 45 km (28 mi) south of Khairpur in Sindh province, Pakistan, on the east bank of the Indus opposite Mohenjodaro.

The site is located at the foothills of the Rohri range, where a fort (Kot Diji fort) was built around 1790 by the ruler of the Talpur dynasty of Upper Sindh, Mir Suhrab, who ruled from 1783 to 1830 AD. Built on the crest of a steep narrow hill, this fort is well preserved.

Kot Diji, an archaeological site located near the ancient flood channel of the Indus River in Pakistan, 15 miles (25 km) south of the city of Khairpur in Sindh province. Adjacent to the modern town of Kot Diji, the site consists of a stone rubble wall dating from about 3000 BC that surrounds a citadel and numerous residences, all of which were first excavated in the 1950s.

The origins of Kot Diji are recognized as belonging to the early Harappan period, which dates back to about 3500 BC. Although Kot Diji survived the Mature Harappan Period (c. 2600–1750 BCE), a layer of burnt debris separates the Early and Mature Period structures, suggesting that the settlement was heavily damaged by fire at some point. 

Artifacts, including ceramics that display the distinctive Kot Dijian style, have been excavated from Kot Diji and other archaeological sites in the region.

Kot Diji is located near several other important historical sites. It lies east of Mohenjodaro, a group of hills that contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus Civilization. Also nearby is a massive hill fort built in the early 19th century by the ruler of Tālpur, Sohrāb Khān.


Kot Diji Fort is an architectural marvel built on the orders of Mir Sohrab Talpur, one of the foremost rulers of the Talpur dynasty. The construction of this incredible historical fort in Sindh began in 1785. Kot Diji Fort took ten years to build and the project was finally completed in 1795. As it stands on a hill, the magnificent views of this fort dominate the entire region surrounding it.

It was strategically placed on high ground in the region for warfare and enemy surveillance. One of the key things that contributes significantly to the history of the Kot Diji Fort in Khairpur, Sindh is that it was built on the archaeological site of the Pre-Harappan civilization from 2500 to 3000 BC. All these factors make Kot Diji Fort one of the most famous tourist attractions in Sindh.

Fast Fact: The name of the Kot Diji Fort was derived from the Sindhi phrase “Diji jo Qilo” which means “Daughter’s Fort”. Like other tourist destinations in Sindh, the name of this fort has been influenced by the local language.

Architecture of Kot Diji Fort, Sindh

At the time kot diji fort was built, it was known as “Fort Ahmadabad”. It was named after ahmad, a persian architect who designed and designed the commendable architecture of this historic fort in Sindh.

The fort lies at a height of 110 feet from the ground and is situated at the southern end of the rohri hills. The royal gate, which is locally known as “shahi darwaza”, is the only entrance to kot diji fort. Since the primary purpose of this fort was to fight enemies, the royal gate was built as a large wooden structure with iron spikes that made it elephant-proof.

As you pass through the entrance to the fort with its curved ceiling, you enter a small courtyard. The place is guarded by two heavy bastions, which is also one of the main dominant features of the fortifications of this building.

In addition, the fort has three strategically placed towers and many specially designed cannon placement zones. You will also see several roofless rooms in the palace. They were meant to store ammunition and are known as “barood khano” in the sindhi language.

The art of simplicity has been uniquely used in the architecture of Kot Diji fort. The entire fort was built of burnt bricks as it was the only robust building material available locally at the time.

The architecture and history of this fort make it one of the most amazing places to visit in Sindh. Further in our travel guide, we will learn about the location of Kot Diji fort and the best routes to reach it.

Location of Kot Diji Fort in Sindh

Kot diji fort is located in one of the most scenic areas of sindh, just 25 kilometers southwest of khairpur city. It is more than 400 kilometers from karachi. It may take you around 6.5 hours by car to reach this historical attraction in sindh. Like many other historical sites in sindh, the best route to reach kot diji fort from karachi is the karachi-hyderabad expressway (m9) and the mehran expressway.

Similarly, if you are traveling from hyderabad, you may have to cover only about 250 kilometers while traveling on the mehran highway. Your journey can also be shorter than the journey from karachi to this fascinating place in Sindh.

Timing of Kot Diji Fort in Sindh

Like other historical forts in pakistan, kot diji fort is open during the day. The opening hours of this historical monument in Sindh are from 8 am to 6 pm.

What to remember while Visiting Kot Diji Fort in Sindh

Here are some things you should keep in mind while taking a trip to kot diji fort, a popular tourist destination in sindh.

  • the weather in khairpur districts remains hot, dry and dusty for most of the year. So if you are traveling to kot diji fort near khairpur city, it is better to choose a cloudy day.
  • as mentioned, the fort remains open to visitors only during the day, so try to set off early as it can take 6 to 7 hours to drive depending on traffic flow.
  • while you may come across a few roadside stops with local dhabas and chai cafes on your journey, it is better to pack your own food and water supplies.
  • to make your trip safer and more enjoyable, don’t forget to read about some of the best tips for comfortable tours in Pakistan.

Quick fact: Khairpur area is also famous for Faiz Mahal which is undoubtedly a very beautiful palace. It is another graceful remnant of the talpur dynasty that was also built in the late eighteenth century. So, while visiting Kot Diji Fort, you can also plan a tour of this place. For more information in this regard, you can check out our detailed blog post on Faiz Mahal in Khairpur.

Distinctive features of kot diji

– Agriculture

Crop cultivation and cattle rearing were practiced by the people of Kot Diji.

– Housing

They lived in fortified houses made of mud bricks

– Urban design

Urban design more similar to the Indus Valley Civilization. The city consisted of 2 parts:

  1. The citadel
  2. Lower town

– arts and crafts

They had good skills in making terracotta figurines of both animals and humans.

– bronze pottery

They mastered the production of ceramics from bronze and other materials.

– forerunner of the Indus Valley Civilization.

Scroll to Top