sel roti

Sel Roti: A Traditional Nepali Delicacy

Sel Roti is a popular traditional delicacy from Nepal that holds a special place in Nepali cuisine. It is a unique and delicious deep-fried bread made from fermented rice batter. Sel Roti is not only a tasty treat but also carries cultural and social significance in Nepali festivals, weddings, and other special occasions. In this article, we will explore the origins, preparation, significance, and delightful flavors of Sel Roti.

Origins of Sel Roti:

Sel Roti has its roots deeply embedded in Nepali culture and tradition. It is believed to have originated in the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The Newars, an indigenous ethnic group, have been preparing and savoring Sel Roti for centuries, passing down their traditional recipes from generation to generation.

Preparation Process:

The preparation of Sel Roti involves a meticulous process that requires skill and patience. The main ingredient is rice, preferably a variety called ‘mota masino’ or ‘starchy rice,’ which is soaked in water overnight. The soaked rice is then ground into a fine paste, usually with the help of a traditional stone grinder called a “silauta.” To initiate fermentation, a small amount of cooked rice or yeast may be added to the batter, which is left to rest overnight.

Once the batter has fermented, it is ready for frying. A special deep-frying pan known as “karai” is filled with oil, and the batter is poured into it using a circular motion. The circular shape of Sel Roti is achieved by skillfully controlling the flow of the batter. The roti is fried until it turns golden brown and crispy on the outside while remaining soft and porous on the inside.

Significance in Nepali Culture:

Sel Roti holds great cultural significance in Nepali society. It is a staple in various festive occasions, including Dashain, Tihar, and weddings. During these celebrations, families come together to prepare Sel Roti in large quantities, symbolizing unity, love, and prosperity. The circular shape of Roti is associated with good luck and is often offered as a token of blessings to deities or exchanged among family and friends.

Flavors and Variations:

Sel Roti is known for its unique taste and texture. The outer layer is crisp and slightly sweet, while the inner part remains soft and airy. It has a subtle fragrance of fermented rice, which adds to its distinct flavor. Although the traditional Sel Roti recipe is widely popular, some variations include adding mashed bananas, cardamom, or spices like cinnamon and cloves to enhance the taste.

Sel Roti is more than just a food item in Nepal; it is a cultural symbol that brings people together during special occasions. The process of making Sel Roti requires expertise and patience, and its unique taste and texture make it a beloved delicacy. Whether enjoyed on its own or accompanied by a cup of tea, Sel Roti offers a delightful culinary experience that represents the rich culinary heritage of Nepal. So, if you ever have the opportunity to try this traditional Nepali delicacy, be prepared for a flavorful journey that will leave you craving more.

sel roti

Sel Roti Recipe


  • 2 cups of rice (preferably starchy rice)
  • 1 cup of water (for soaking)
  • 1/2 cup of cooked rice (optional, for fermentation)
  • 1/2 teaspoon of yeast (optional, for fermentation)
  • 1/2 cup of sugar
  • Oil for deep frying

Instructions to make Sel Roti:

  1. Rinse the rice thoroughly and soak it in water for about 4-6 hours or overnight. This helps soften the rice and makes it easier to grind.

  2. Drain the soaked rice and transfer it to a blender or a food processor. Grind the rice into a smooth paste. You can add a little water if needed to achieve the desired consistency. The batter should be thick but pourable.

  3. If you want to expedite the fermentation process, you can add half a cup of cooked rice or a half teaspoon of yeast to the batter. This step is optional, as some prefer the natural fermentation process without any additives. Mix well to incorporate the cooked rice or yeast into the batter.

  4. Cover the batter with a clean cloth and let it rest in a warm place for at least 6-8 hours or overnight. This allows the batter to ferment and develop a slightly tangy flavor.

  5. After fermentation, add sugar to the batter and mix well until it is fully dissolved.

  6. Heat oil in a deep frying pan or a wok (karai) over medium heat. Make sure the oil is sufficiently hot but not smoking.

  7. Take a ladleful of the batter and slowly pour it into the oil in a circular motion, starting from the center and moving outward. This helps create the round shape of the Sel Roti. Be careful not to overcrowd the pan, as it may make flipping difficult.

  8. Fry the Sel Roti until it turns golden brown and crispy on both sides. Gently flip it using a spatula to ensure even cooking.

  9. Once cooked, remove the Sel Roti from the oil and drain it on a paper towel to remove excess oil.

  10. Repeat the process with the remaining batter until all the Sel Rotis are prepared.

  11. Serve the Sel Roti warm and enjoy it as a snack or as a festive treat. It pairs well with tea or can be savored on its own.

Note: The quantities mentioned in the recipe may vary depending on the desired yield and personal preferences. Adjust the sweetness by adding more or less sugar according to your taste. Additionally, you can add flavors like cardamom or spices like cinnamon to the batter for a twist in taste.

Enjoy the delicious homemade Sel Roti!

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