Types of Indian Rotis: A Traditional Delight

Indian cuisine is renowned for its rich flavors, aromatic spices, and a diverse array of flatbreads that accompany its delightful curries and dishes. Among these flatbreads, Indian Rotis hold a special place as a staple in many households. Rotis, also known as chapatis, are unleavened bread made from whole wheat flour, and they are commonly enjoyed across the country. Let’s dive into the art of making Indian Rotis and discover a classic recipe to savor their warm, soft goodness.

The Art of Making Indian Rotis:

Making soft and perfectly puffed Indian Rotis may seem daunting at first, but with practice and a few tips, it becomes an enjoyable skill. The key to making good rotis lies in the dough preparation, rolling technique, and proper cooking.

Ingredients for Indian Roti:

  • 2 cups whole wheat flour (also known as atta)
  • A pinch of salt
  • Water (approximately ¾ to 1 cup, as needed)


  1. Prepare the Dough:

    • In a large mixing bowl, combine the whole wheat flour and a pinch of salt. Gradually add water while kneading the dough with your hands. Continue adding water until the dough comes together into a soft, smooth, and slightly elastic consistency. Avoid making the dough too sticky or too dry.
    • Cover the dough with a damp cloth and let it rest for about 15-20 minutes. This resting period allows the gluten to relax, making it easier to roll out the rotis later.
  2. Divide and Shape the Dough:

    • After resting, divide the dough into small, equal-sized balls (about the size of a golf ball). Roll each ball between your palms to make them smooth and round.
    • Dust your work surface with a little flour to prevent sticking. Take one dough ball at a time and flatten it with your hands to create a small disc.
  3. Rolling the Rotis:

    • Using a rolling pin, roll out the disc into a thin, round shape. Roll from the center outward, rotating the disc slightly after each roll to maintain an even thickness.
    • If the roti sticks to the rolling pin or surface, dust it with more flour as needed.
  4. Cooking the Rotis:

    • Heat a tawa or a flat skillet over medium-high heat. Once hot, place the rolled-out roti onto the tawa.
    • Cook the roti for about 30 seconds to 1 minute on one side until bubbles start to form. Then, flip it over to the other side using a pair of tongs or a spatula.
    • Gently press down on the roti with a clean cloth or a kitchen towel to encourage it to puff up. The roti should puff up into a ball-like shape, which is a sign that it’s cooked thoroughly.
    • Once both sides are cooked and the roti is lightly browned, remove it from the tawa and place it in a covered container lined with a cloth to keep it warm and soft.

Serve and Enjoy:

Indian Rotis are best enjoyed fresh and warm. They pair wonderfully with a variety of Indian dishes, such as curries, vegetables, and lentil preparations. You can also serve them with yogurt, pickles, or chutneys for a delightful meal.

A Wholesome and Versatile Flatbread

Indian Rotis are a testament to the simplicity and versatility of Indian cuisine. Their soft, chewy texture and earthy flavor make them the perfect accompaniment to a wide range of dishes. Mastering the art of making these unleavened bread delights opens the door to a world of Indian flavors and culinary exploration. So, roll up your sleeves, embrace the process, and enjoy the satisfaction of making and savoring your very own Indian Rotis.

Scroll to Top