Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar district in the central part of Baluchistan province, Pakistan. Khuzdar Balochistan is the third largest city of the province and is the 47th largest city in Pakistan by population as of the 2017 census.
Historically, Khuzdar Balochistan was the capital and provincial capital of the Jhalawan Khanate of Kalat. From October 1952 to 1955, it became part of Baluchistan. In 1955, Khuzdar became the capital of the newly created Kalat Division. It is currently the largest Brahui-speaking city.
History of Khuzdar Balochistan
Khuzdar was the capital of the Brahui kingdom of Makran.
It was part of the Jhalawan Kingdom in the early 17th Century but soon fell under the Khanate of Kalat, where it remained until a series of rebellions under Khudadad Khan (1857–1893). In 1896, after Khudadad’s death, Kalat’s authority was restored. Khuzdar was the capital and largest city of the province of Jhalawan Khanate of Kalat.
Based on the treaty with Kalat, the British appointed a political agent in Khuzdar in 1903. British aid continued until 1947, after which the area was annexed to Pakistan and became a democracy.
When the Balochistan States Union became the Kalat Division, Khuzdar was established as a divisional headquarters. The divisional administration of Pakistan ended in 2000. Khuzdar was re-established as a divisional headquarters in June 2009 by the Pakistan People’s Party government.
Educational Hub of Balochistan, Pakistan
Khuzdar serves as an educational center for the province of Baluchistan. The city has a number of government and private colleges.
Geography and Weather of Khuzdar Balochistan
Khuzdar is at the top of a narrow valley at an altitude of 1,237 meters (4,058 ft). Despite this altitude, Khuzdar, like most of Balochistan, has a dry climate (Köppen BWh) with very low and irregular rainfall. Unlike most parts of the province, the heaviest average rainfall comes from the Asian monsoon in July and August, although this rainfall tends to be very erratic and many years have no significant rain at all.